The name of the genus Tulipa derives from the Turkic word "turban": many tulips' flowers resemble this headwear in shape. Wild tulips grow in the Mediterranean, in the Caucasus and in Central Asia. They have become cultivated in Persia and then in Turkey since the 11th century. The Persians called tulip an embodiment of earthly love. There is a legend according to which it first grew on the site of the death of a young prince, who crashed against the rocks after he knew his bride had died.
The plants arrived in Western Europe in 1559, they were brought there by the German ambassador, who was at the Turkish court.
More than 4,000 varieties have been developed to the present day, the diameter of a flower of some of them reaches 20 cm. Petals can be various colors: from snow white to rich purple. There are also various shapes that can be, for example, oval, double-flowered, fimbriate, etc. Tulips look great in bouquets, as well as in flower beds and curb compositions.
Interesting facts about tulips:
- It is the Holy Flower for the inhabitants of many Muslim countries.
- When the flowers had just started spreading across Europe they became a new symbol of chosenness and wealth. The Emperor of Austria Franz II, the King of France Louis XVIII, and also the philosopher-educator Walter admired them.
- In the early 17th century, the Netherlands experienced a "tulipomania", when prices for bulbs of rare varieties skyrocketed. Thus in the year of 1623 1,000 guilders were given for a bulb of Viceroy variety (the average annual income of a Dutchman at the time was 150 guilders!). The most desirable bride was a girl who had precious bulbs in her dowry. Sometimes a single sprout was priced with acres of land or a stone house. By the way, a large number of especially valuable varieties appeared due to a viral disease, which only became known in the 20th century.
- Omar Khayyam mentioned a tulip in one of his works (12th century). Hafez Shamsaddin, a Persian poet of the 14th century, claimed that the flower was even more beautiful than a rose. Arabian tales describe tulips interestingly: they grow out of a dragon's blood, their petals look like flames, and they affect a man same as wine.
- The first attempts to develop the black tulip date from 1637, when the Dutch Harlem set a reward of 100,000 gold coins for it. Aleandre Dumas (father) expressed his version of the events in the novel "Black Tulip" (1850).
- During the World War II, many Dutch saved themselves from starvation by eating tulip bulbs.
- In the French-speaking regions of Canada sweetish juvenile leaves and sprouts are added to salads, and desserts are decorated with candied petals. Baked and fried bulbs are also served in the provincial restaurants.
WHOM TO PRESENT TULIPS TO?
Cheerful delicate plants are a symbol of spring, warmth and rebirth. They will become a decoration of any holiday whether it is Valentine's Day, Mother's Day, an anniversary or a wedding. Orange flowers, symbolizing power and admiration are usually given to managers and colleagues. Pink ones (a wish for good mood) are suitable for girl friends and relatives. Red buds are a traditional gift from a loving person. The sun yellow color is associated with joy and luck. These buds are often presented to creative people and added to business bouquets.
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